How Bad is the Tech Gender Gap in Sweden?
Answering the million kronor question with data.
It’s commonly known that Nordic countries are spearheading the way in gender equality in the world and Sweden especially can brag about having the highest score on gender equality within the European Union.
This is due to a number of decade-long policies and efforts around raising social awareness, especially by highly engaged feminist activists.
But it’s also painfully obvious, to anyone that works in tech in Sweden, that this overall equality has not rubbed off on our industry.
And while it’s very easy to forage the web for keynotes and plenty of opinion articles about it, you won’t find any concrete numbers… no hard irrefutable compiled data, which is essential to turn an empirical observation (albeit an obvious one) into irrefutable fact.
Armed only with my very rough Swedish language skills, I thoroughly massaged Google Search looking for any official numbers.
The first ones I found were on gender distribution in computer sciences courses, starting from 2007 to 2016, courtesy of Universitetskanslersämbetet (the Swedish Higher Education Authority).
I just add to fetch the data, clean it up in a spreadsheet and make it into a nice and intuitive, trend line chart.
The first easy-to-spot insight, is the huge gap between the Female and the Male lines in the graph. In the 2016/17 academic year, there were 1,838 females (18,5%) and 9,097 males (81,5%) out of a total of 9,935 students.
This gap has been stable along the years, which means that in the last decade there have been less than 2 girls for every 10 boys, deciding to turn their nerdy computer passion into a profitable career.
While these numbers already start painting an ugly picture, I was still unable to see how bad things actually are in the real world.
Some more digging led me to SCB and their Gender Statistics page. Unfortunately this page is just a repository of reports, so the actual data is stuffed inside numerous PDF files, which meant going the extra mile and manually scraping the numbers.
Alas, the chart below came into existence…
Even though the available data is less granular (in terms of available years and precise figures), the gap looks very similar at first glance.
According to the available data, in 2016, there were around 24,000 women (21,82%) and 86,000 (78,18%) men, out of a total of 110,000 working in the IT field.
On the upside there was a slight positive trend between 2014 and 2016, with the number of women added to the industry growing 12,5%, against a 4,65% increase in men.
So, how bad is the gender gap in Swedish tech?
2/10 bad… that’s two tenths or 🙍🙎♀️🙍♂️🙍♂️🙍♂️🙍♂️🙍♂️🙍♂️🙍♂️🙍♂️
Considering the Swedish population gender distribution is roughly 50%, in order to have absolute equality you would need to get three more women for every ten people working in the industry.
Hopefully, introducing numbers into the conversation will help the dialogue with those who would argue the gap is not that big, and also highlighting the education gap as a potential hindrance to achieving a better balance in the field.
Edit: Added the most recent numbers from the students in computer sciences (2020/04/30)